Between Artemida and the settlement of Vravrona in eastern Attica is a small, special, and very important coastal wetland. In the heart of the wetland is hosted the ancient temple of Artemis which dates back to the 6th century BC.


The wetland of Vravrona is supplied with abundant fresh water from the river Erasinos that originates from the Hymettus mountain, crosses the Mediterranean and flows into the southern Gulf of Evia. 


During the summer and autumn months, when Erasinos dries up, the wetland continues to be supplied with a significant amount of freshwater, which comes from underground aquifers and ends at the last part of the river through the "sacred spring" a spring located in the archeological site, at the base of the ancient temple.


The wetland shows a wide variety of vegetation (reeds, mullets, salt marshes, tamarisk trees, etc.), and includes wet meadows with brackish and salty swamps, small mudfields and a large sandy shallow area, while around there are hills with meadows. The diversity of the landscape and its geographical location make it an ideal station for migratory birds and a refuge for many other species, reptiles, amphibians and small mammals.


Although the area is part of the NATURA 2000 network and is formally protected by it, human activities have altered large areas of it, mainly in the coastal zone. Problems such as dumping rubbish and rubbish, fishing on the shores and the use of the coastal zone as a recreation area, threaten the wetland on a daily basis. 

Today, the balance of this ecosystem is threatened by another human intervention, the construction of a flood protection project in the Erasinos stream, which is going to lead to shrinkage and degradation of the wetland. 


The 'Birds of Vravrona' is an ongoing photographic work that began in November 2020 with the aim of highlighting the beauty of wildlife that goes unnoticed next to a large urban center. 

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